CZASY W JĘZYKU ANGIELSKIM – ĆWICZENIA
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CZASY W JĘZYKU ANGIELSKIM – ĆWICZENIA

ENGLISH TENSES - EXERCISES

Ćwiczenia zostały ułożone od najłatwiejszych do najtrudniejszych.

Simple Present

I
Put the verbs in brackets into the present simple.

1.I ...play... (play) football with my friends on Sundays.
2.Tina ...............(walk) to school every day.
3.We ...............(go) to bed at 10 o’clock every night.
4.Penguins ............... (live) in the Antarctic.
5.Tony ...............(study) maths at university.
6.Jo and Peter ............... (visit) their grandparents every week.
7.Sally ............... (speak) Spanish.
8.Mike ...............(do) his homework every evening.
9.Susan ...............(wash) her hair every day.
10.Water ............... (boil) at 100` centigrade.

II
Complete the text with the correct verb forms.

David and Tessa’s parents have got a restaurant:”The International”. David and Tessa ...like...(like) international food and they (1)...............(eat) in the restaurant every Saturday. David (2)...............(not eat) meat. He (3)...............(prefer) vegetables.He (4)...............(not eat) salad, but he (5)...............(like) rice. His favourite food is fruit. Tessa (6) ...............(not eat) curry or rice. She (7) ............... (eat) meat and she (8)............... (like) Spanish and Italian food.
Her favourite food is soup.

III
Fill in: do, does, don’t or doesn’t.

1.A: ...Do... you enjoy country music?
B: No, I ............... .
2.A: ............... Paul come from England?
B: No, he ............... .He comes from the USA.
3.A:Where ............... they live?
B: In LosAngeles.
4.A: ............... she work hard?
B: No, she ............... .
5.A: ............... you like westerns?
B: No, I ............... .
6.A: ............. he work as a teacher?
B: No, he ............... .
7.A: ............... she go to school?
B: Yes, she ............... .
8.A: ............... they play the guitar?
B:Yes, they ............... , but they ............... play the piano.
9.A: ............... she collect things?
B:Yes, she ............... .She collects stamps.

IV
Rewrite the sentences putting the adverb in brackets in the correct place.

1.You must brush your teeth twice a day. (always)
You must always brush your teeth twice a day.
2.Is he on time for work? (always)

3.Karen has cereal for breakfast. (sometimes)

4.Paul doesn’t listen to music in the evening. (usually)

5.The children help with the housework. (rarely)

6.Must you play your music so loud? (always)

7.Sheila can park her car properly. (never)

V
Write questions and negations as in the example.

1.Simon likes tea.
...Does Simon like tea?...
...Simon doesn’t like tea....
2.We play basketball on Saturdays.
.............................................................................
.............................................................................
3.Bill drives to work every day.
.............................................................................
.............................................................................
4.Our dog likes biscuits.
.............................................................................
.............................................................................
5.They live in France.
..............................................................................
..............................................................................
6.Samantha works in a supermarket.
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
7.Sue and Jill usually wear jeans.
...............................................................................
....................................................................



VI
Ask Liz questions about herself and her family.

1.You know that Liz plays tennis. You want to know how often. Ask Liz.
How often ...do you play tennis...?
2. Perhaps Liz’s sister plays tennis too.You want to know. Ask Liz. ............ your sister ..................................................................................
3.You know that Liz reads a newspaper every day. You want to know which one. Ask her.
...................................................................................................................
4.You know that Liz’s brother works. You want to know what he does.Ask Liz.
....................................................................................................................
5.You know that Liz goes to the cinema a lot.You want to know how often. Ask her.
.....................................................................................................................
6.You don’t know where Liz’s mother lives.Ask Liz.
......................................................................................................................


VII
Complete using one of the following:
I apologise, I insist, I promise, I recommend, I suggest.

1.It’s a nice day. ...I suggest...we go out for a walk.
2.I won’t tell anybody what you said. .................... .
3.(in a restaurant) You must let me pay for the meal. .................... .
4..................... for what I said about you. It wasn’t true and I shouldn’t have said it.
5.The new restaurant in Hill Street is very good. .................... it.



KEY

I
2.walks 3.go 4.live 5.studies 6.visit 7.speaks 8.does 9.washes 10.boils

II
1.eat 2.doesn’t eat 3.prefers 4.doesn’t eat 5.likes 6.doesn’t eat 7.eats 8.likes

III
1.don’t 2.Does, doesn’t 3.do 4.Does, doesn’t 5.Do, don’t 6.Does, doesn’t 7.Does, does 8.Do, do, don’t 9.Does, does

IV
2.Is he always on time for work?
3.Karen sometimes has cereal for breakfast.
4.Paul doesn’t usually listen to music in the evening.
5.The children rarely help with the housework.
6.Must you always play your music so loud?
7.Sheila can never park her car properly.

V
2.Do you play basketball on Saturdays?
We don’t play basketball on Saturdays.
3.Does Bill drive to work every day?
Bill doesn’t drive to work every day.
4.Does your dog like biscuits?
Our dog doesn’t like biscuits.
5.Do they live in France?
They don’t live in France.
6.Does Samantha work in a supermarket?
Samantha doesn’t work in a supermarket.
7.Do Sue and Jill usually wear jeans?
Sue and Jill don’t usually wear jeans.

VI
2.Does your sister play tennis?
3.Which newspaper do you read?
4.What does your brother do? or What is your brother’s job?
5.How often do you go to the cinema?
6.Where does your mother live?

VII
2.I promise 3.I insist 4.I apologise 5.I recommend






Present Continuous


I
Add -ing to the verbs.

1.walk - ...walking...
2.dance
3.swim
4.shop
5.lie
6.study
7.laugh
8.write
9.play
10.smoke
11.look
12.stop
13.sleep
14.die
15.run

II
Fill in with present continuous

1.He ...is sitting...(sit) at the desk.
2.They ..............................(play) football.
3.She.............................. (eat) dinner.
4.You .............................. (read) a book.
5.The dog .............................. (sleep).
6.Ann............................... (swim).
7.I ..............................(watch) TV.
8.Tony..............................(write) a letter.
9.The birds .............................(sing).
10.Mum ..............................(make) a cake.

III
Write questions and negations as in the example.

1.He is riding a bicycle.
...Is he riding a bicycle?...
...He isn’t riding a bicycle... .
2.They are listening to the radio.
.........................................................................
.........................................................................
3.She is drinking Coke.
.........................................................................
.........................................................................
4.You are dancing.
.........................................................................
.........................................................................
5.We are playing basketball.
.........................................................................
.........................................................................
6.I am running
.........................................................................
.........................................................................

IV
Put the words in order.

1.you / What language / are / writing ?
...What language are you writing?.......
2.speaking / Are / on the phone ? / you
.............................................................
3.What / is / doing ? / your teacher
............................................................

4.at the moment ? / Are / studying / your classmates
....................................................................................
5.wearing ? / are / you / What
....................................................................................
6.you / Are / sleeping ?
....................................................................................

V
Use the cues to write sentences in the present continuous.

1.Who (you / write to) ...are you writing to?...
2.The volunteers (stay).................................... in a hostel.
3.Their records (not / sell)...................................... very well in the USA.
4.(your brother / study)..................................... at university now?
5.Louise (not / feel).........................................very well at the moment.

VI
Complete the dialogue with these verbs in the present continuous or the short forms ’m not, isn’t.

come, listen, watch, do, not do, work, play, work, try

Mother: ...Is...Gina ...watching...TV in the kitchen, Ben?
Ben: No, she ...isn’t... .She’s in her room.
Mother: Gina!
Gina: What?
Mother: What (1)....................you .................... ?
(2)....................you....................computer games again?
Gina: No, I(3) .................... .
Mother: Come and help Ben.
Gina: Why?
Mother: He (4)............................... to learn his Spanish verbs.
Gina: Why can’t you or Dad help him?
Mother: Dad and I (5).............................. in the garden.Anyway, you (6) ..............................
anything important. Come on!
Gina: That’s not fair! (7) ..............................on my Geography project.
Ben: No, she (8) ............................ .She (9).............................. to a CD on her
headphones.
Gina: Oh, shut up, Ben! All right! I (10)..............................!

VII
Read this conversation between Brian and Sarah. Put the verbs into the correct form.

Sarah: Brian! How nice to see you! What (1)... are you doing ... (you / do) these days?
Brian: I (2)..............................(train) to be a supermarket manager.
Sarah: Really? What’s it like? (3).............................. (you / enjoy) it?
Brian: It’s all right. What about you?
Sarah: Well, actually I (4).............................. (not / work) at the moment.
I (5).............................. (try) to find a job but it’s not easy. But I’m very busy.
I (6).............................. (decorate) my flat.
Brian: (7) ..............................(you / do) it alone?
Sarah: No, some friends of mine (8) ..............................(help) me.

VIII
Complete the sentences using one of these verbs: get, change, rise, fall, increase.
You don’t have to use all the verbs and you can use a verb more than once.

1. The population of the world ... is rising ... very fast.
2. Ken is still ill but he .............................. better slowly.
3. The world .............................. . Things never stay the same.
4. The cost of living .............................. . Every year things are more expensive.
5. The economic situation is already very bad and it .............................. worse.


KEY

I
2.dancing 3.swimming 4.shopping 5.lying 6.studying 7.laughing 8.writing 9.playing
10.smoking 11.looking 12.stopping 13.sleeping 14.dying 15.running

II
2.are playing 3.is eating 4.are reading 5.is sleeping 6.is swimming 7.am watching 8.is writing 9.are singing 10.is making

III
2.Are they listening to the radio?
They aren’t listening to the radio.
3.Is she drinking Coke?
She isn’t drinking Coke.
4.Are you dancing?
You aren’t dancing
5.Are we playing basketball?
We aren’t playing basketball.
6.Are you running?
I’m not running.

IV
2.Are you speaking on the phone?
3.What is your teacher doing?
4.Are your classmates studying at the moment?
5.What are you wearing?
6.Are you sleeping?

V
2.are staying 3.aren’t selling 4.Is your brother studying 5.isn’t feeling

VI
1.are, doing 2.are, playing 3.’m not 4.is trying 5.are working 6.aren’t doing 7.I’m working 8.isn’t 9.is listening 10.’m coming
VII
2. ‘m training 3.Are you enjoying 4.’m not working 5.’m trying 6.’m decorating 7. Are you doing 8.are helping

VIII
2.’s getting 3.is changing 4.is rising or is increasing 5.’s getting





Simple Present versus Present Continuous


I
Put the verbs in brackets into the present simple or the present continuous.

Charlie Foster (1)...works ...(work)... at a bakery. He (2) ............................(always / get up) very early because he (3) .............................. (start) work at four o’clock every morning. Charlie (4) ..............................(not / be ) at work this morning. At the moment he (5).............................. (pack) a suitcase because he (6) ..............................(go) on holiday today. Charlie (7) ..............................(sing) to himself. He’s very happy. Right now he (8) .............................. (look for) his aeroplane tickets. Where are they? He can’t find them. There they are; under his bed ! Charlie (9) ..............................(call) a taxi now. His plane (10) ..............................(leave) in an hour. Where (11) ..............................(Charlie / go)? To Hawaii!

II
Look at the text in ex.I again, then ask and answer questions about Charlie Foster, as in the examples.

1.Charlie / work / at / a bank?

Does Charlie work at a bank?
No, he doesn’t. He works at a bakery.

2. Charlie / pack / a suitcase / at the moment?

Is Charlie packing a suitcase at the moment?
Yes, he is.

3.Charlie / start work / at 4 o’clock every morning.
................................................................................
................................................................................
4.Charlie / go on holiday / next week?
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
5.Charlie / sing to himself ?
.................................................................................
....................................................................................
6.Charlie / look for his tickets / right now ?
....................................................................................
....................................................................................
7.the plane / leave / in an hour ?
.....................................................................................
.....................................................................................
8.Charlie / go / Tahiti ?
......................................................................................
......................................................................................

III
Correct the mistakes.

1.Martin goes fishing tomorrow.
...................................................
2.Rebecca wash her hair every day.
....................................................
3.I’m visiting my grandparents every week.
....................................................
4.Tim doesn’t wants to do his homework.
.....................................................
5.He sits on the floor at the moment.
......................................................
6.Do you watch TV in the evenings always?
.......................................................
7.Sarah is drinking coffee every morning.
.......................................................
8.They don’t go usually on holiday in May.
.......................................................
9.Does she work late? No, she does never.
.......................................................
10.Peter looks for a new house at the moment.
........................................................

IV
Read the e-mail Stuart has sent to the team’s goalkeeper. Complete the blanks with the present simple or the present continuous.

Hi David
I’m really sorry to hear that you caught the flu. I(1)...understand...( understand) how you feel. Guess what!(2)..............................(you know) Paul Watson who (3).............................. (live) next door to Steve? He (4)..............................(play) with us in tonight’s game. At the moment he’s with Steve and they (5)..............................(train) for the match.I (6).............................. (hope) that you (7)..............................(not mind), and that you’ll be better soon.

See you around
Stuart


V
Underline the correct form.

1.I always _get_ up_ / am getting up at six in the morning.

2.I can see / seeing the lake.

3.He drinks / is drinking tea at the moment.

4.She wants / is wanting to go to the cinema.

5.What does this word mean/ is this word meaning?

6.What do you do / are you doing today?

7.Eric sees / is seeing a psychiatrist.

8.I think / am thinking about you at the moment.

9.I have / am having lunch with her next week.

10.She usually travels / is travelling by train.

11.Tom knows / is knowing what to do.

12.Wayne needs / is needing a new watch.

13.It rains / It’s raining outside.

14.He looks / is looking for a place to stay.

15.He walks / is walking the dog at the moment.


VI
Put the verbs in brackets into the present simple or the present continuous.

1.-...Do you know ... (you / know) that man over there?
-Actually, I do. He’s Muriel’s husband.
2.-Are you doing anything tomorrow evening?
-Yes.I..............................(see) Jack at nine o’clock.
3.-I ...............................(see) you ‘re feeling better.
-Yes, I ,Thank you.
4.-What’s that noise? The people next door ..............................(have) a party.
5.-Graham ..............................(have) a new computer.
-I know. I’ve already seen it.
6.-This dress ..............................(not / fit) me any more.
-Why don’t you buy a new one?
7.-Your perfume ..............................(smell) nice. What is it?
-It’s a new perfume called Sunshine.
8. -What is Jane doing?
-She ..............................(smell) the flowers in the garden.
9. -What are you looking at?
-Some photos I took during my holidays.
10.-You ............................. (look) very pretty today.
-Thank you. I’ve just had my hair cut.
11.-I ..............................(think) we’re being followed.
-Dont’ be silly it’s your imagination.
12.-Is anything wrong?
-No. I ..............................(just / think) about the party tonight.
13.-This fabric ..............................(feel) like silk.
-It is silk, and it was very expensive.
14.-What are you doing?
-I .............................(feel) the radiator to see if it’s getting warm.
15.-She ..............................(be) generous, isn’t she?
-Yes, she has never been a mean person.
16.-He ............................. (be) very quiet today, isn’t he?
-Yes, I think he has some problems.
17.-Would you like some cherries?
-Yes, please. I ..............................(love) cherries.They’re my favourite fruit.
18.-I’m sorry, but I ..............................(not understand) what you mean.
-Shall I explain it again?
19.-The children are making a lot of noise today.
-I know, but they .................................. (have) fun.
20.-This cake .............................. (taste) awful.
-I think I forgot to put the sugar in it!

VII
Put the verbs in brackets into the simple present or the present continuous

1.Cuckoos ...don’t build... (not build) nests. They ....use... (use) the nests of other birds.
2.You can’t see Tom now: he ..............................(have) a bath.
3.He usually ....................(drink) coffee but today he .............................. (drink) tea.
4.What she .............................. (do) in the evenings?-
-She usually (play) cards or .............................. (watch)TV.
5.I won’t go out now as it .............................. (rain) and I .............................. (not have)
an umbrella.
6.The last train ..............................(leave) the station at 11.30.
7.He usually .............................. (speak) so quickly that I .............................. (not understand)
him.
8.Ann .............................. (make) a dress for herself at the moment.She ..............................
(make) all her own clothes.
9.Hardly anyone .............................. (wear) a hat nowadays.
10.I’m afraid I’ve broken one of your coffee cups.
-Don’t worry. I ..............................(not like) that set anyway.
11.I ..............................(wear) my sunglasses today because the sun is very strong.




KEY

I
2.always gets up 3.starts 4.is not 5.is packing 6.is going 7.is singing 8.is looking for 9.is calling 10.leaves / is leaving 11.is Charlie going

II
3.Does Charlie start work at 4 o’clock every morning?
Yes, he does.
4.Is Charlie going on holiday next week?
No, he isn’t. He’s going on holiday today.
5. Is Charlie singing to himself?
Yes, he is.
6.Is Charlie looking for his tickets right now?
Yes, he is.
7.Is the plane leaving / Does the plane leave in an hour?
Yes, it is / does.
8.Is Charlie going to Tahiti?
No, he isn’t. He’s going to Hawaii.

III
1.Martin is going fishing tomorrow.
2.Rebecca washes her hair every day.
3.I visit my grandparents every week.
4.Tim doesn’t want to do his homework.
5.He is sitting on the floor at the moment.
6.Do you always watch TV in the evenings?
7.Sarah drinks coffee every morning.
8.They don’t usually go on holiday in May.
9.Does she work late? No, she never does.
10.Peter is looking for a new house at the moment.

IV
2.Do you know 3.lives 4.is playing 5.are training 6.hope 7.don’t mind

V
2.see 3.is drinking 4.wants 5.does this word mean 6.are you doing 7.is seeing 8.am thinking 9.am having 10.travels 11.knows 12.needs 13.It’s raining 14.is looking 15.is walking

VI
2.am / ‘m seeing 3.see 4.are / ‘re having 5.has 6.does not / doesn’t fit 7.smells 8.is / ‘s smelling 9.are you looking 10. look 11.think 12.am / ‘m just thinking
13.feels 14.am / ‘m feeling 15.is 16.is / ‘s being 17.love 18.do not / don’t understand
19.are / ‘re having 20.tastes




VII
2.is having 3.drinks, is drinking 4.does she do, plays, watches 5.is raining, haven’t 6.leaves 7.speaks, don’t understand 8.is making, makes 9.wears 10.don’t like 11.am wearing



Simple Past


I
Complete the dialogue with was, wasn’t, were, weren’t.

Joe: Hey, Tim. I ...wasn’t...(1) here at the weekend. ..............................(2) you at the match?
Tim: Yes, I..............................(3).
Joe: ..............................(4) it good?
Tim: No, it ....................(5).The United players..............................(6) terrible.But I watched it
again on TV, and I’ve got it on video.
Joe: Why? ..............................(7) the goals good?
Tim: No, they..............................(8). But look! I ..............................(9) on the programme!

II
Read the letter and put the verbs in brackets into the past simple.

Dear Jackie,
Hi! How are you? I (1)...had...(have) a wonderful time last weekend.
I (2)..............................(go) to the seaside with my friends. We (3)............................(travel) there by bus.We (4)..............................(not find) any rooms to rent, so we (5) ...........................
(stay) in a hotel with a nice view of the sea.
On Saturday, we (6).............................(spend) all day on the beach. We (7)............................
(not swim) in the sea,though,because it (8)..............................(be) cold. In the evening, we (9)..............................(have) dinner in a restaurant. I (10)..............................(eat) fish and chips! Then we (11)...................................(go) to the cinema, but I (12).............................. (not like) the film much.
On Sunday, we (13)..............................(visit) the local museum. Then we (14).......................
(walk) along the river and (15)..............................(take) some pictures before we (16)...............
(catch) the 3 o’clock bus back.
I (17).............................(enjoy) my weekend very much.
I hope your weekend was great, too! Write soon.

Love
Kate

III
Read what Sharon says about a typical working day:
I usually get up at 7 o’clock and have a big breakfast. I walk to work , which takes me about half an hour. I start work at 8.45. I never have lunch. I finish work at 5 o’clock. I’m always tired when I get home. I usually cook a meal in the evening. I don’t usually go out. I go to bed at about 11o’clock.I always sleep well.
Yesterday was a typical working day for Sharon. Write what she did or didn’t do yesterday.

1.She got up at 7 o’clock.
2.She............................. a big breakfast.
3.She.....................................................
4.It .........................................................to get to work.
5..............................................................at 8.45.
6.....................................lunch.
7..............................................................at 5o’clock.
8..................tired when...........................home.
9.....................................a meal yesterday evening.
10...................................out yesterday evening.
11...................................at 11 o’clock.
12....................................well last night.

IV
A friend has just come back from holiday. You ask him about it. Write your questions.

1.(where / go).....Where did you go?....
2.(go / alone).........................................
3.(food / good)......................................
4.(how long / stay there).......................
5.(stay / at a hotel).................................
6.(how / travel)......................................
7.(the weather fine)...............................
8.(what do / in the evenings).................
9.(meet anybody interesting).................

V
Put the verbs in the following sentences into the simple past tense.

1.I go to work by bus.
...I went to work by bus...
2.I meet her on Tuesdays.
..........................................
3.He always wears black.
..........................................
4.I make cakes every week.
..........................................
5.She gets up at 6.30.
..........................................
6.He understands me.
..........................................
7.He shuts the shop at 6.00.
...........................................
8.She speaks slowly.
............................................
9.He leaves the house at 9.00.
.............................................
10.I read a chapter every night.
...................................................
11.You eat too much.
...................................................
12.I see him every day.
...................................................
13.Tom sings in the choir.
...................................................
14.He cries when he is hurt.
...................................................
15.Who knows the answer?
...................................................
16.I think I know it.
...................................................
17.The curtain rises at 8.00.
...................................................
18.He takes the dog out twice a day.
...................................................
19.We buy them here.
....................................................
20.I dream every night.
...................................................
21.Bluetits often lay eggs in that nesting box.
....................................................
22.He often feels ill.
....................................................
23.I know what he wants.
....................................................
24.I usually pay him 5 zl.
....................................................
25.His dog always bites me.
....................................................
26.It smells odd.
....................................................
27.It costs 20 p.
....................................................
28.My back hurts.
....................................................
29.I lie down after lunch.
....................................................
30.We drink water.
....................................................
31.His roses grow well.
....................................................
32.He rides every day.
....................................................
33.He often falls off.
....................................................
34.These dogs fight whenever they meet.
....................................................
35.He puts up his prices every year.
....................................................
36.He sleeps badly.
.....................................................

VI
Put the verbs in the following sentences into (a) the negative (b) the interrogative.

1.She saw your brother.
...She didn’t see your brother... .
...Did she see your brother?...
2.We heard a terrible noise.
.......................................................
.......................................................
3.He slept till 10.00.
........................................................
........................................................
4.He looked at the picture.
........................................................
........................................................
5.They drank all the wine.
........................................................
........................................................
6.They set out early enough.
........................................................
........................................................
7.She thought about it.
........................................................
........................................................
8.The police caught the thief.
........................................................
........................................................
9.He hid the letter.
.........................................................
.........................................................
10.She found her watch.
.........................................................
.........................................................
11.His nose bled.
........................................................
........................................................
12.My mother chose this hotel.
........................................................
........................................................
13.She lent you enough money.
.........................................................
.........................................................
14.Keiko taught Japanese.
.........................................................
.........................................................
15.Tom hurt his foot.
...........................................................
...........................................................
16.He broke his arm.
...........................................................
...........................................................
17.His wife came at 8.00.
...........................................................
...........................................................
18.He lost his wallet.
...........................................................
...........................................................
19.His son wrote a novel.
...........................................................
...........................................................
20.They flew to New York.
...........................................................
...........................................................
21.Ann drew you a map.
...........................................................
...........................................................
22.Tom laid the table.
...........................................................
...........................................................
23.Mr Ritt fell downstairs.
...........................................................
...........................................................
24.She lost her way.
...........................................................
...........................................................
25.He forbade her to leave.
..........................................................
..........................................................
26.I sent it to the laundry.
.........................................................
.........................................................
27.Jack kept the money.
.........................................................
.........................................................
28.He rode slowly.
........................................................
........................................................
29.They spent it all.
........................................................
........................................................
30.She sold the car.
.........................................................
.........................................................
31.Jean rang the bell.
.........................................................
.........................................................
32.The sun rose at 6.00.
.......................................................
.......................................................
33.The boys ran home.
.......................................................
.......................................................
34.He shook the bottle.
.......................................................
.......................................................
35.He forgave her.
........................................................
........................................................
36.They broadcast an appeal for money.
........................................................
........................................................




KEY
2.were 3.was 4.was 5.wasn’t 6.were 7.weren’t 8.weren’t 9.was

II
2.went 3.travelled 4.didn’t find 5.stayed 6.spent 7.didn’t swim 8.was 9.had 10.ate 11.went 12.didn’t like 13.visited 14.walked 15.took 16.caught 17.enjoyed

III
2.had 3.She walked to work 4.It took her about half an hour 5.She started work 6.She didn’t have (any) lunch. / ...eat (any) lunch 7.She finished work 8.She was tired when she got home. 9.She cooked 10.She didn’t go 11.She went to bed 12.She slept

IV
2.Did you go alone?
3.Was the food good?
4.How long did you stay there?
5.Did you stay at a hotel?
6.How did you travel?
7.Was the weather fine?
8.What did you do in the evenings?
9.Did you meet anybody interesting?

V
2.met 3.wore 4.made 5.got 6.understood 7.shut 8.spoke 9.left 10.read 11.ate 12.saw 13.sang 14.cried , was 15.knew 16.thought 17.rose 18.took 19.bought 20.dreamt 21.laid 22.felt 23.knew, wanted 24.paid 25.bit 26.smelt 27.cost 28.hurt
29.lay 30.drank 31.grew 32.rode 33.fell 34.fought , met 35.put 36 slept

VI
Negative: didn’t + infinitive (bezokolicznik)
Interrogative: did + subject (podmiot) + infinitive

The infinitives:
2.hear 3.sleep 4.look 5.drink 6.set 7.think 8.catch 9.hide 10.find 11.bleed 12.choose 13.lend 14.teach 15.hurt 16.break 17.come 18.lose 19.write 20.fly 21.draw 22.lay 23.fall 24.lose 25.forbid 26.send 27.keep 28.ride 29.spend 30.sell 31.ring 32.rise 33.run 34.shake 35.forgive 36.broadcast



Past Continuous

I
Complete the text with the correct form of the past continuous.

I (1)...was watching...(watch) TV last night when my friend phoned. I (2)............................... (watch) a programme about the floods. Linda (3)..............................(sit) in a kayak. She (4) .............................(phone) from a public phone near her house. She (5)............................(not phone) from phone because there was one metre of water in her living room. Her mum and dad (6) .............................(stay) at a friend’s house. Linda was in town with some other people from the canoe club. She (7).............................. (help) the police. They (8)..............................
(not look) for people; they (9)..............................(look) for people’s pets.

II
Put the words in order. Then look at exercise I and answer the questions.

1.What / watching? / was / Linda’s friend
...What was Linda’s friend watching?...
...Linda’s friend was watching a programme about the floods.
2.in a helicopter? / Was / sitting / Linda
....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
3.were / Where / her parents / staying?
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
4.helping / How / the police ? / Linda / was
......................................................................................................
......................................................................................................
5.Were / people ? / looking for / they
.......................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................

III
Put the verbs in brackets into the past continuous.
A: What (1)...was happening...(happen) at the time of the robbery?
B: Well,I (2)..............................(sit) in my office. I(3)..............................(talk) to an employee. Some of the staff (4)..............................(put) food onto the shelves. Several customers (5)..............................(do) their shopping and a cashier (6).............................(stand) behind the till.
A: Can you tell me anything about the robbers?
B: Yes.They (7)............................... (wear) black masks and they (8) ..............................(hold) guns.They (9)..............................(shout).
A: How did they get away?
B: They drove off in a car which (10)..............................(wait) outside.

IV
What were you doing at the following times.

1.(at 8 o’clock yesterday evening) ...I was having dinner with some friends. ....
2.(at 5 o’clock last Saturday)...............................................................................
3.(at 10.15 yesterday morning)............................................................................
4.(at 4.30 this morning)........................................................................................
5.(at 7.45 yesterday evening)...............................................................................
6.(half an hour ago)..............................................................................................


KEY
I
2. was watching 3.was sitting 4.was phoning 5.wasn’t phoning 6.were staying 7.was helping 8.weren’t looking 9.were looking


II
2.Was Linda sitting in a helicopter?
No, she wasn’t. She was sitting in a kayak.
3.Where were her parents staying?
They were staying at a friend’s house.
4.How was Linda helping the police?
She was swimming in a kayak and looking for people’s pets.
5.Were they looking for people?
No, they weren’t. They were looking for animals.

III
2.was sitting 3.was talking 4.were putting 5.were doing 6.was standing 7.were wearing 8.were holding 9.were shouting 10.was waiting



Simple Past versus Past Continuous


I
Put the verbs in brackets into the past continuous or the past simple.

1.We ...went...(go) swimming every week when we were young.
2.Simon...............................(dance) when he fell and hurt his leg.
3.Why..............................(you / laugh) all through your lesson yesterday.
4.I................................(drink) a glass of milk every day when I was a child.
5.Todd often ...............................(ride) horses when he was a boy.
6.Bill..............................(write) a letter when his mother came home.
7.It ..............................(rain) while I was waiting for the bus.
8.I..............................(play) the guitar when Iwas young, but I don’t any more.
9.Debbie..............................(sing) in the school choir many years ago.
10.Liz..............................(clean) the windows when I saw her.
11.Jane..............................(wait) for me when I ..............................(arrive)
12.”What ..............................(you / do) this time yesterday?” “I was asleep.”
13”...............................(you / go) out last night?” “No, I was too tired.”
14.”Was Carol at the party last night?” “Yes,she ..............................(wear) a really nice
dress.”
15.How fast ..............................(you / drive) when the accident ..............................(happen) ?
17.We were in a very difficult position. We..............................(not / know) what to do.
18.I haven’t seen Alan for ages.When I last ...............................(see) him,
he............................(try) to find a job in London.
19.I..............................(walk) along the street when suddenly I..............................(hear)
footsteps behind me.Somebody ..............................(follow) me. I was frightened and
I..............................(start) to run.
20.When I was young, I..............................(want) to be a bus driver.

II
Join the sentences using as, when, while
1.Kim was looking out of the window. She saw Mike.
As / When / While Kim was looking out of the window, she saw Mike.
Kim was looking out of the window when she saw Mike.
2.Cathy was washing the dishes.She dropped a glass.
...................................................................................
....................................................................................
3.The children were playing. Their father came home.
....................................................................................
....................................................................................
4.Robert was driving home. He got a flat tyre.
....................................................................................
....................................................................................
5.Mick and Charlie were leaving the bank.The police surrounded them
....................................................................................
....................................................................................

III
Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple or the past continuous.Which was the longer action in each sentence.

1.They...were cleaning...(clean) the windows when it ...started...(start) to rain.
Cleaning the windows was the longer action.
2.As he..............................(drive) to work, he ..............................(remember) that his briefcase
was still at home.
.............................................................................
3.Melanie..............................(cook) dinner when her husband..............................(come) home.
...............................................................................
4.I..............................(hear) a loud crash as I..............................(sit) in the garden.
...............................................................................
5.She..............................(type) a letter when her boss..............................(arrive)
...............................................................................
6.While the dog..............................(dig) in the garden it ............................(find) a bone.
..............................................................................
7.Mary..............................(ride) her bicycle when she..............................(notice) a tiny kitten.
...............................................................................
8.While I..............................(do) my homework, the phone.........................(ring).
...............................................................................

IV
A policeman is asking Mrs Hutchinson about a car accident she happened to see yesterday. Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple or the past continuous.

P: What (1)...were you doing...(you / do) when you (2)..............................(see) the accident, madam?
H: I (3)............................(walk) down the street.
P: What exactly (4)..............................(you / see)?
H: Well, the driver of the car (5) ..............................(drive) down the road when suddenly the
old man just (6)..............................(step) in front of him! It (7).........................(be)
terrible!
P: (8)..............................(the driver / speed) ?
H: No, not really,but the old man (9)..............................(not / look) both ways before he
(10)........................................(try) to cross the road.
P: (11)........................................(anyone else / see) the accident?
H: Yes, the lady in the post office.
P: Thank you very much.

V
Imagine that you were present when these things happened, then, ask and answer questions as in the example.

1.The burglar broke in.
-What were you doing when the burglarbroke in?
-I was watching TV.
-What did you do?
-I called for help.
2.The storm broke.
.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
.........................................................
3.The lights went out.
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................
........................................................

4.The boat overturned.
......................................................
......................................................
......................................................
......................................................
5.The earthquake hit.
......................................................
......................................................
......................................................
......................................................
6.The building caught fire.
......................................................
......................................................
......................................................
......................................................




KEY

I
2.was dancing, 3.were you laughing 4.drank 5.rode 6.was writing 7.was raining 8.played 9.sang 10.was cleaning 11.was waiting, arrived 12.were you doing 13.Did you go 14.was wearing (wore is also possible) 15.were you driving, happened 16.took, wasn’t looking 17.didn’t know 18.saw, was trying 19.was walking, heard, was following, started 20.wanted

II
2.As / When / While Cathy was washing the dishes ,she dropped a glass.
Cathy was washing the dishes when she dropped a glass.
3.As / When / While the children were playing , their father came home.
The children were playing when their father came home.
4.As / When / While Robert was driving home , he got a flat tyre.
Robert was driving home when he got a flat tyre.
5.As / When / While Mick and Charlie were leaving the bank ,the police surrounded him.
Mick and Charlie were leaving the bank when the police surrounded them.

III
2.was driving, remembered
Driving to work was the longer action.
3.was cooking, came
Cooking dinner was the longer action.
4.heard, was sitting
Sitting in the garden was the longer action.
5.was typing, arrived
Typing a letter was the longer action.
6.was digging , found
Digging in the garden was the longer action.
7.was riding, noticed
Riding her bicycle was the longer action.
8.was doing, rang
Doing my homework was the longer action.

IV
2. saw 3.was walking 4.did you see 5.was driving 6.stepped 7.was 8.Was the driver speeding 9. did not / didn’t look 10.tried 11.Did anyone else see





Present Perfect

I
Read about the Phobic family. Complete the sentences with has or have and the past participles of the verbs.

Dan and Kerry Phobic have got vertigo and agoraphobia: they’re scared of heights and open spaces. Their children, Julie and John, are claustrophobic and aquaphobic: they’re scared of small spaces and water.

1.Dan......has......never.....worked....(work) outdoors.
2.Dan..................never....................(walk) on a beach.
3.Dan and Kerry....................never....................(travel) by plane.
4.Julie and John....................never....................(swim) in a swimming pool.
5.Julie...................never....................(be) in a lift.
6.Julie and John....................never ....................(stay) near the sea.
7.Kerry....................never..................(climb) in the mountains.

II
Complete the text with the correct form of the present perfect.

This fear of flying is terrible.I (1)....haven’t flown....(fly) this year.It’s very scary.
I (2)....................(have) this problem before, but it’s worse now.I (3)..............................(speak) to one or two people, but it (4)............................(not help). My girlfriend (5)......................(be)
very kind and patient.We (6)..............................(walk) a lot and we (7)........................(travel) on foot. We (8).............................(not have) a holiday this year, but I’ve got a surprise for her:I (9)............................(buy) a car!

III
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form of the present perfect simple.

1.-Have you ever given an interview?
-No,I...have never done...(never / do) that.
2.-What time does the train leave?
-It.............................(just / leave)

3.-Is the new restaurant good?
-I..............................(not eat) there yet.
4.-Shall I do the shopping now?
-No, I ..............................(already do) it.
5.-Julia, are you ready?
-No, I ..............................(not dry) my hair yet.
6.-Would you like to have lunch with me?
-No, thanks.I.............................(already eat).

IV
Ask and answer questions using the prompts as in the example.

1.you / see / Mary / Yes
Have you seen Mary?
Yes, I’ve seen her.
2.Jim / eat / his meal / No
..........................................
..........................................
3.John / talk to / his parents / Yes
..........................................
..........................................
4.she / read / this book / No
..........................................
..........................................
5.they / clean / their / house / Yes
..........................................
..........................................
6.Mark / buy / a new bike / Yes
..........................................
..........................................
7.you / phone / your / father / No
..........................................
..........................................

V
Put in been or gone

1.Jim is on holiday. He’s ...gone ... to Italy.
2.Hello! I’ve just ....................to the shops. I’ve bought lots of things.
3.Alice isn’t here at the moment. She’s ....................to the shop to get a newspaper.
4.Tom has....................out. He’ll be back in about half an hour.
5.”Are you going to the bank?” “No, I’ve already....................to the bank.

VI
Ask and answer questions as in the examples.

1.(you / eat / dinner )-(Yes)
Have you eaten dinner yet?
Yes, I’ve already eaten dinner.
2.(they / do / their / homework)-(No)
Have they done their homework yet?
No, they haven’t done their homework yet.
3.(Tom / write / the letter)-(Yes)
.........................................................
.........................................................
4.(Sophia / watch / the news)-(No)
.........................................................
.........................................................
5.(Mum / clean / the house)-(No)
.........................................................
.........................................................
6.(they / do / the / shopping)-(Yes)
.........................................................
.........................................................
7.(you / wash / the clothes)-(Yes)
.........................................................
.........................................................
8.(Bob / go / to bed)-(No)
.........................................................
.........................................................

VII
Write sentences using the time expressions in brackets.

1.You have been to America.
(ever)...Have you ever been to America?...
(never)...I have never been to America....
2.Molly has worked in an office.
(ever)........................................................
(never)......................................................
3.Colin has gone home.
(yet)..........................................................
(already)...................................................
4.Ralph and Wendy have eaten breakfast.
(yet)..........................................................
(just).........................................................

VIII
Fill in since or for.

1.We’ve worked at this project ...since ... last May.
2.I’ve attended university ....................over two years.
3.The game has been stopped...................twenty minutes due to snow.
4.The protest has been in progress....................two hours now.
5.I’ve smoked ....................years,....................I was 15 in fact.
6.The post has been late every day..................the past week.
7.The present queen has reigned....................1953.
8.Man has fought wars....................as long as anyone can remember.

IX
Complete these sentences using today, this year, this term , etc.

1.I saw Tom yesterday but...I haven’t seen him today..............................
2.I read a newspaper yesterday but I................................................today.
3.Last year the company made a profit but this year.................................
4.Tracy worked hard at school last year but..............................................
5.It snowed a lot last winter but.................................................................
6.Our football team won a lot of games last season but we.......................

X
Read the situations and write sentences as shown in the examples.

1.Jack is driving a car but he’s very nervous and not sure what to do.
You ask :...Have you driven a car before?....................
He says: ...No, this is the first time I’ve driven a car.....
2.Len is playing tennis. He’s not very good and he doesn’t know the rules.
You ask: Have.................................................................
He says:............................................................................
3.Sue is riding a horse.She doesn’t look very confident or comfortable.
You ask:............................................................................
She says:...........................................................................
4.Maria is in London. She has just arrived and it’s very new for her.
You ask:.............................................................................
She says:.............................................................................






KEY

I
2. has, walked 3.have, travelled 4.have, swum 5.has, been 6.have, stayed 7.has, climbed

II
2.have had 3.have spoken 4.hasn’t helped 5.has been 6.have walked 7.have travelled 8.haven’t had 9.have bought

III
2.has just left 3.haven’t eaten 4.have already done 5.haven’t dried 6.have already eaten

IV
2.Has Jim eaten his meal?
No, he hasn’t eaten it.
3.Has John talked to his parents?
Yes, he has talked to them.
4.Has she read that book ?
No, she hasn’t read it.
5.Have they cleaned their house?
Yes, they have cleaned it.
6.Has Mark bought a new bike?
Yes, he has bought it.
7.Have you phoned your father?
No, I haven’t phoned him.

V
2.been 3.gone 4.gone 5.been

VI
3.Has Tom written the letter yet?
Yes, he has already written the letter.
4.Has Sophia watched the news yet?
No, she hasn’t watched the news yet.
5.Has Mum cleaned the house yet?
No, she hasn’t cleaned the house yet.
6.Have they done the shopping yet?
Yes, they have already done their shopping .
7.Have you washed the clothes yet?
Yes, I have already washed the clothes.
8.Has Bob gone to bed yet?
No, he hasn’t gone to bed yet.

VII
2.Has Molly ever worked in an office?
Molly has never worked in an office.
3.Has Colin gone home yet?
Colin has already gone home.
4.Have Ralph and Wendy eaten breakfast yet?
Ralph and Wendy have just eaten breakfast.

VIII
2.for 3.for 4.for 5.for , since 6.for 7.since 8.for

IX
2. haven’t read one / a newspaper
3.it hasn’t made a profit / it has made a loss.
4.she hasn’t worked hard this term.
5.it hasn’t snowed (much) this winter.
6.haven’t won many / any games this season.

X
2.Have you played tennis before?
No, this is the first time I’ve played tennis.
3.Have you ridden a horse before? / Have you been on a horse before?
No, this is the first time I’ve ridden a horse. / ...I’ve been on a horse.
4.Have you been to London before?
No, this is the first time I’ve been to London.


Present Perfect Continuous

I
Match numbers with letters to make correct sentences.

1.How long have you been waiting?
.................f. ...For ten minutes............
2.Bill is in the garden.
.............................................................
3.You have been studying all morning.
.............................................................
4.Anne has been exercising a lot recently.
.............................................................
5.It’s cold outside.
..............................................................
6.Jenny’s tired
..............................................................
7.We’ve been practising all afternoon.
...............................................................
8.What have you been doing since I last saw you?
...............................................................

a.He’s been planting trees all day.
b.That’s why she’s lost weight.
c.It’s been snowing all day.
d.She’s been working hard all week.
e.I think it’s time to stop now.
f.for ten minutes
g.Lots of things. I’ve been busy.
h.Why don’t you take a break?

II
What have these people been doing? Make sentences using an appropriate verb in the present perfect continuous.

1.Catherine went to the supermarket an hour ago.She’s still there.
...Catherine has been shopping for an hour....
2.My mum began cooking three hours ago.She hasn’t finished yet.
.........................................................................
3.The teams started playing football twenty minutes ago.They haven’t finished yet.
.........................................................................
4.The headmaster started speaking two hours ago. He hasn’t stopped yet.
.........................................................................
5.Bill began building his house six months ago. He hasn’t finished it yet.
.........................................................................
6.I started doing my homework three hours ago.I haven’t finished it yet.
............................................................................

III
Ask and answer questions using the prompts given, as in the example.

1.favourite hobby
-What’s your favourite hobby?
-Painting.
-How long have you been painting?
-I’ve been painting since I was fourteen years old.
2.best friend / know
-.......................................................
-.......................................................
-.......................................................
-.......................................................
3.favourite TV programme / watch
-.......................................................
-.......................................................
-.......................................................
-.......................................................
4.your address / live
-.......................................................
-.......................................................
-.......................................................
-.......................................................
5.favourite magazine / read
-.......................................................
-.......................................................
-.......................................................
-.......................................................


KEY

I
2a 3h 4b 5c 6d 7e 8g

II
2.My mum has been cooking for three hours.
3.The teams have been playing football for twenty minutes.
4.The headmaster has been speaking for two hours.
5.Bill has been building his house for six months.
6.I have been doing my homework for three hours.

III
(Suggested answers)
2.
- Who is your best friend?
- Alison.
- How long have you known her?
- I’ve known her for ten years.
3.
- What’s your favourite TV programme?
- The Travel Show.
- How long have you been watching it?
- I’ve been watching it for three years.
4.
- What’s your address?
- 21, South Grove.
- How long have you lived / been living there?
- I’ve lived / been living there since I was five years old.
5.
- What’s your favourite magazine?
- Teenclub.
- How long have you been reading it?
- I’ve been reading it for two years.


Present Perfect versus Present Perfect Continuous

I
Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect simple or continuous.

1.He...has caught....(catch) a cold, I’m sure of it.
2.I dom’t think so. Mary..............................(take) his temperature and it’s normal.
3.Maybe it’s hay fever. They............................(cut) the hay all week.
4.Possibly, but he.............................(have) his shots this year.
5............Sean..............................(eat) anything unusual recently?
6.No, but we..............................(buy) new carpets.
7.That might............................(be) it.
8.He ...............................(help) me clean the old ones all week.
9.What ....